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Full text of "A history of Persia"

TAMERLANE.

CHAPTER LIX

TAMERLANE
And when I cloathed myself in the robe of empire, I shut my^ eyes to
safety, and to the repose which is found on the bed of ease. And from the
twelfth year of my age I travelled over countries, and combated difficulties,
and formed enterprises and vanquished armies, and I hazarded my person in
the hour of danger 5 until in the end I vanquished kingdoms and empires, and
established the glory of my name.—From The Institutes of Timur.
Transoxiana in the Middle of the Fourteenth Century.—-
The house of Chagatay which ruled Central Asia * was the
least distinguished of the dynasties founded by Chengiz
Khan. In the period covered by the preceding chapter
an occasional raid into Khorasan constituted all its history
so far as Persia was concerned, and during much of the
time Transoxiana was in a state of anarchy. In A.H,
746 (1345) Kazan Khan, the Western Chagatay ruler,
provoked a rebellion by his cruelty, the nobles uniting
under a certain Amir Kazghan to dethrone him, a design
in which they were successful the following year. Arnir
Kazghan after this revolution ruled through puppet
Khans until his death in A.H. 759 (1357) and was
succeeded by his son Abdulla. Sarai was deserted
through the influence of Sali, the new Vizier, and Samar-
cand again became the capital of an empire* Becoming
enamoured of the wife of the puppet Khan, Abdulla put
him to death and set up Timur Shah Oghlan in his stead.
1 The authorities for this chapter include A History of Persia, by Sir John Malcolm ;
GescMchte des Osmanischen Retches, by Joseph von Hammer $ A History of the Moghuls of
Central Asia (the Tarikh-i-Rashidi), by Ney Elias and Denison Ross 5 A History of
Bokhara, by A. Vambe>y; the Zafar Nama of Sharaf-u-Din AU Vezdi, and the Institutes
of Timur (ed, Davy and White),
I96